The Recollection of the Buddha, the Dhamma, the Sangha

15/09/2010 17:57


"There is the case where the disciple of the noble ones recollects the Tathagata, thus: 'Indeed, the Blessed One is an arhat, a perfect buddha, consummate in knowledge and conduct, well-gone, knower of the world, an unexcelled leader for those to be tamed, the Teacher of devas and humans, the awakened one, the blessed one.'(...) There is the case where the disciple of the noble ones recollects the Dhamma, thus: 'The Dhamma is well-expounded by the Blessed One, to be seen here and now, timeless, inviting investigation, worthy of application, to be experienced by the wise for themselves.(...)

There is the case where the disciple of the noble ones recollects the Sangha, thus'The Sangha of the Blessed One's disciples who have practiced well... who have practiced straight-forwardly... who have practiced methodically... who have practiced properly — in other words, the four types [of noble disciples] when taken as pairs, the eight when taken as individual types — they are the Sangha of the Blessed One's disciples: worthy of gifts, worthy of hospitality, worthy of offerings, worthy of respect, the incomparable field of merit for the world."


1. Idha visākhe ariyasāvako tathāgataṃ anussarati: "itipi so bhagavā

  • arahaṃ

  • sammāsambuddho

  • vijjācaraṇasampanno

  • Sugato

  • lokavidu

  • anuttaro purisadammasārathi

  • satthā devamanussānaṃ

  • buddho

  • bhagavā"ti.


  1. Idha visākhe ariyasāvako dhammaṃ anussarati : "

  • svākkhāto bhagavatā dhammo

  • sandiṭṭhiko

  • akāliko

  • ehipassiko

  • opanayiko1

  • paccattaṃ veditabbo viññuhī"tī.

  1. Idha visākhe ariyasāvako saṅghaṃ anussarati : "

  • supaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho

  • ujupaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,

  • ñāyapaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,

  • sāmīcipaṭipanno bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho,

  • yadidaṃ cattāri purisayugāni aṭṭhapurisapuggalā,

  • esa bhagavato sāvakasaṅgho āhuneyyo,

  • pāhuneyyo,

  • dakkhiṇeyyo,

  • añjalikaraṇīyo,

  • anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ lokassā"ti.


    AN 3.70 [On the Triple Gem] Muluposatha Sutta: The Roots of the Uposatha 

Idha = There is the case

Visakhe (voc. sg.) = Visakha

ariyasāvako (nom. sg.) = the noble disciple

tathāgataṃ (acc. sg.) = the tathâgata

anussarati = he recollects

itipi = indeed

so bhagavā (nom. sg.)= the Blessed One

arahaṃ (nom. sg.)= an arhat

sammāsambuddho (nom. sg.)= a perfect buddha

vijjācaraṇa-sampanno [pp. of sampajjati] = accomplished in knowledge and conduct

Sugato = well-gone

lokavidu = knower of the world

anuttaro purisa-dammasārathi = unexcelled leader of those to be tamed

satthā (nom. sg.)deva-manussānaṃ (gen. pl.)= teacher of devas and men

buddho (nom. sg.) = the awakened one

bhagavā (nom. sg.)= the blessed one

svākkhāto bhagavatā (abl. Sg?) = well-expounded by the blessed one

sandiṭṭhiko = directly visble

akāliko = timeless

ehipassiko = inviting investigation

opanayiko = worthy of application

paccattaṃ [paṭi+attan] = by himself

veditabbo viññuhī (abl. pl.)= to be experienced by the wise themselves

supaṭipanno [paṭipanno= pp. of paṭipajjati] = who have practiced well

ujupaṭipanno = who have practiced straight-forwardly

ñāyapaṭipanno = who have practiced methodically

sāmīcipaṭipanno = who have practiced properly

yad-idaṃ cattāri purisa-yugāni (nom. pl.)= in other words the four pairs of persons

aṭṭhapurisapuggalā (nom. pl.)= the eight types of individuals

āhuneyyo = worthy of gifts

pāhuneyyo =worthy of hospitaly

dakkhiṇeyyo = worthy of offerings

añjalikaraṇīyo =worthy of salutation

anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ (nom. sg.) lokassā ( = the incomparable field of merit for the world